Vision loss during childhood can impact a child’s ability to learn important skills for growth, development, and independence, such as crawling, walking, reading, writing, and playing sports. Approximately 51% of the patients served by the Retina Foundation are infants and children affected by a pediatric eye condition.

Pediatric eye conditions that we research include:
Amblyopia (Lazy Eye)
Anisometropia (Unequal Vision)
Congenital and Developmental Cataracts
Hyperopia (Farsightedness)
Myopia (Nearsightedness)
Retinopathy of Prematurity
Strabismus (Misaligned Eyes)

Can pediatric eye conditions be corrected?
Your ophthalmologist, pediatrician, or family doctor may refer your infant or child to the Retina Foundation of the Southwest for specialized vision evaluation or participation in research or clinical treatment trial if a pediatric eye condition is detected. As a participant in research, your child will have access to specialized vision assessments, individualized treatment plans, and the expertise of our staff in the Crystal Charity Ball Pediatric Vision Lab. Research shows that if pediatric eye conditions are not treated early, the visual impairment may become permanent.

How is the Retina Foundation researching pediatric eye conditions?
Scientists in the Crystal Charity Ball Pediatric Vision Lab are conducting research with the goals of earlier and more accurate detection of pediatric eye conditions, development of new and more effective treatments, and better outcomes for a lifetime of healthy vision. Our research is supported by prominent national agencies such as the National Eye Institute, Canadian Institutes of Health Research, and Thrasher Research Fund.

20/20 Research Updates


Read about our research initiatives for pediatric eye conditions.

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Binocular Vision Research

New treatments for lazy eye We are conducting research on a new treatment for children that have reduced vision in one eye – amblyopia (lazy eye) – as a consequence of cataracts (blurry lens), strabismus (misaligned eyes), or anisometropia (blurry …

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Research on the Impact of Pediatric Eye Conditions on Everyday Life

Pediatric eye conditions’ impact on reading speed Research at the Retina Foundation of the Southwest has shown that children with the most common form of visual impairment in one eye —amblyopia (lazy eye)—may read slowly, even though they have good …


Vision Screening Research

New, more accurate vision screening devises We are developing more effective ways to screen for vision problems in preschool children, including portable devices that can be used in remote areas, such as binocular birefringence scanning that has better accuracy than …

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COVID-19 Guidelines For Retina Foundation Staff and Visitors

April 29, 2020 The Retina Foundation has implemented ongoing safeguards, in response to the COVID-19 pandemic, to ensure the health and safety of all staff and visitors. These procedures will continue until further notice.   STAFF AND VISITOR RISK MANAGEMENT …

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Retina Foundation 20/20 Video Research Updates

The Retina Foundation is pleased to share 20/20 video updates as we continue to move forward with our cutting-edge research, reading, planning experiments, analyzing data, and drafting new grant proposals as we telecommute. Introduction Video by Dr. Karl Csaky, CEO …